If you are planning on having a baby here in Spain, it's important that you understand the process of registering the birth and obtaining a Spanish birth certificate, "Certificación del acta de Nacimiento".
The whole process is pretty painless just as long as you have all the relevant documentation in place before you head to the registry office.
Where do You Register a Baby in Spain?
All registrations have to be made at the civil registry office (Registro Civil) in the area/region of Spain where the child was born.
When do You Have to do it?
Registrations must be made within 8 days of the birth (Up to 30 days is acceptable) and in person at the Registro Civil office.
What Documentation is Required?
Child born within marriage
In this case, the child can be registered by any relative who has knowledge of the birth and who can provide the following documentation.
Child born outside of marriage
If the mother and father of the child are not legally married they will both need to attend the registry office and provide the following documentation.
Although it is not specified on the Ministerio de Justicia website, you would be advised to take as much documentation as possible to verify your identity including passports, copies of passports and padron certificate from your town hall.
If the baby has not yet been born, it is well worth having your marriage certificate translated well in advance so that you will not have a mad rush on your hands after the birth.
Spain is a very bureaucratic country so make sure that you go fully prepared.
The following page at the Ministerio de Justicia outlines exactly what is required and is written in English.
Do You Get a Spanish Birth Certificate?
Yes. There are two forms of birth certificate in Spain which are
Can I Also Register the Birth in the U.K?
Yes you can. You can register a birth abroad via the Gov.uk website. You will need to complete the online form, make the payment £150 online and then send the application form and translated documents to the relevant address in the UK. Registration is usually completed within 5 days from receipt of your application.
You can register and complete the application online at https://www.gov.uk/register-a-birth
Do You Get Child Benefit in Spain?
Yes, in some cases you may be entitled to child benefit from the U.K even though you are living in Spain. For further information please see https://www.gov.uk/child-benefit-abroad
Will My Child Be A British Citizen?
The rules as to whether your child will automatically obtain British Citizenship are complicated and can depend on a number of things.
The UK government has a tool online that you can use to check.
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February 16, 2012