What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person's blood sugar level to become too high. The amount of glucose in the body is too high because the body cannot use it properly. Glucose is broken down in the body after we eat, and is moved around the body by insulin released from the pancreas. Having some of the signs of diabetes doesn't mean you are diabetic, but you should contact your GP, to make sure. Diabetes, when left untreated, can cause serious health complications.
There are two main types of diabetes: Type 1 (no insulin) and Type 2 (insulin that doesn't do what it is supposed to). They are different conditions and have separate causes, but both need to be taken seriously and diagnosed, treated and managed properly.
What is COPD?
A number of progressive lung diseases are categorised by medical experts under the single broad term, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). These diseases include emphysema, chronic bronchitis, refractory (non-reversible) asthma, and some forms of bronchiectasis. COPD is categorized as a disease that increases breathlessness.
Unfortunately, people tend not to notice the onset of COPD, imagining that slight breathlessness and coughing are just a natural part of getting old, especially if they are unfit or less active for example, or they smoke. In fact, COPD can develop over many years without any symptoms. Breathing problems are apt to get progressively worse over time and can limit regular activities, although treatment can help keep the condition under control, and early screening can identify COPD before a noticeable loss of lung function.
At the base of the neck, just below where you would find your Adam's apple, there is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located. This is the thyroid. Part of the endocrine system (a complex network of glands) the thyroid gland manufactures hormones that regulate the body's metabolism, controlling everything from digestion, to mood, and energy levels. There are a number of common disorders that affect the thyroid, when it produces too much hormone (hyperthyroidism) or not enough (hypothyroidism).