In the first quarter of 2023, Spain experienced a significant increase in its resident population, with a rise of 136,916 people, resulting in a total of 48,196,693 inhabitants as of April 1, 2023.
According to data from the National Statistics Institute (INE), this reflects an estimated annual population growth of 590,184 people, marking the highest growth rate since 2008.
Spain's population experienced growth primarily driven by an increase in the number of foreign nationals, which compensated for the decline in Spanish nationals.
Consequently, the foreign population grew by 149,530 individuals, reaching a total of 6,227,092 as of April 1, 2023. In contrast, the population of Spanish nationals decreased by 12,614 people.
It is worth noting that the population born abroad, amounted to 8,307,497 people, surpassing the number of foreign nationals, primarily due to the Spanish nationalisation processes.
During this period, the primary nationalities of immigrants that made a significant impact were Colombian, with 44,300 individuals arriving, followed by Moroccan (23,200), Venezuelan (21,500), Peruvian (18,800), Spaniards (18,400), Ukrainian (11,500), Italian (10,200) and Hondurans (10,100).
During the first quarter of 2023, population growth was observed in 15 autonomous communities, while the remaining two, along with the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla, experienced a decline. The average growth rate was 0.28 percent, with the most notable increases occurring in Comunidad de Madrid (0.60 percent), Comunitat Valenciana (0.54 percent), and Cataluña (0.46 percent). Conversely, Extremadura (-0.07 percent), Melilla (-0.12 percent), and Ceuta (-0.06 percent) witnessed a decrease in population.
Additionally, Murcia and the Balearic Islands had growth rates below the national average, with an increase of 0.25 percent, followed by Navarra (0.23 percent), the Canary Islands (0.21 percent), Castilla-La Mancha and Aragón (0.16 percent), La Rioja (0.14 percent), Andalusia (0.11 percent), Basque Country (0.10 percent), Cantabria (0.08 percent), Asturias (0.07 percent), Castilla y León (0.02 percent), and Galicia (0.0 percent).