Healthplan Spain


Villa with a swimming pool lit up at night A Guide To Building A Swimming Pool In Spain Expat Tips

When the scorching Spanish sun is at its zenith, having a personal oasis to cool off in becomes a coveted dream. If you're considering turning that dream into reality by building a swimming pool in Spain, here's a step-by-step guide to ensure your aquatic haven meets all the right criteria while avoiding potential pitfalls.

Advantages of Building Your Own Pool

The allure of a refreshing swimming pool during the sweltering Spanish summers is undeniable. While portable and inflatable options may seem convenient, they come with potential risks, especially if not positioned correctly. Concerns have been raised about placing temporary pools on unstable terraces and balconies, making it essential to prioritise safety when considering such arrangements.

For ground-level properties, the idea of constructing a swimming pool takes centre stage. Besides providing a personal retreat to beat the heat, building a pool can enhance your property's value. Homes with pools are highly sought-after, especially after the coronavirus pandemic, as evidenced by a significant rise in sales of portable and built-in pools.

Planning Your Aquatic Haven

Before you start excavating, meticulous planning and adherence to legal requirements are essential. Here are the crucial steps to guide you through the process:

1. Obtain Planning Permission: Building a swimming pool, regardless of its size, requires a permit in Spain. Failing to obtain the necessary licence may result in complications when selling or bequeathing your property. While retrospective planning permission may be possible in some cases, it's not guaranteed. To ensure a smooth process, seek advice from local authorities or professionals familiar with the regulations in your area.

2. Community of Owners Approval: If your property is part of a community of owners, obtaining their approval is crucial. Your application will be discussed and voted upon during the Annual or Extraordinary General Meeting. Their agreement is vital, as your pool project may affect shared spaces or the structural integrity of neighbouring properties.

3. Architectural Expertise: Since constructing a swimming pool is classified as an 'Obra Mayor,' an architect's involvement is mandatory. They will prepare detailed drawings of your proposed pool, which must be submitted to the local town hall along with a fee. Having an architect ensures that your pool complies with building codes, safety standards, and other regulations.

4. Legal Registration: Once your pool is complete, it must be registered with the property register and 'catastro' to be officially recognised. Engaging professionals to handle the registration process will ensure proper compliance and safeguard against any legal issues down the line.

Choosing the Optimal Location

Selecting the ideal spot for your pool is pivotal for maximising its enjoyment and minimising potential problems. Consider the following factors when picking a location:

1. Flat and Sun-Soaked: Choose a flat area with ample sunlight for your pool. A level surface ensures easier construction and maintenance, while direct sunlight naturally warms the water, reducing heating costs.

2. Distance from Boundaries and Streets: Be mindful of local regulations concerning minimum distances from property boundaries and streets. Ensuring adequate space between your pool and neighbours' properties preserves privacy and minimises potential disputes.

3. Avoiding Trees and Shade: Position your pool away from large trees or structures that could cast excessive shade on the water. Leaves and debris from overhanging trees can create extra maintenance work.

4. Considering Land Type: If your property is located on rural land, investigate whether building a pool is allowed. Regulations may vary for rural and urban properties.

Maintaining Your Pool

Once your pool shimmers under the Spanish sun, preserving its pristine condition is paramount. Consider the following tips for maintaining your aquatic haven:

1. Pre-Swim Ritual: Encourage guests to shower before diving into the pool to minimise the introduction of lotions and oils that can contaminate the water.

2. Guard Against Debris: Prevent small objects from clogging the pool's mechanical components by limiting poolside items to large inflatables and pool-safe toys.

3. Glass-Free Zone: Strictly enforce a glass-free policy around the pool area to avoid the hazards of broken glass. Detecting submerged shards can be challenging and might require draining the pool for safety reasons.

4. Water Quality Maintenance: Regularly monitor pH levels and administer necessary chemicals to guarantee clean, bacteria-free water. Proper water maintenance ensures the longevity of your pool and the safety of its users.

Invest in Professional Guidance

Building a swimming pool in Spain is a significant undertaking, and seeking expert guidance is crucial to ensure a successful and legally compliant project. Enlisting the help of an independent Spanish lawyer can simplify the process, as they can handle permit applications and navigate through various legal requirements on your behalf.

Balancing Costs and Rewards

The endeavour of building a swimming pool in Spain is an investment that entails various costs. From construction expenses influenced by size, materials, and design to ongoing maintenance fees, budgeting is crucial. Additionally, consider monthly upkeep costs, including chlorine, pH monitoring chemicals, cleaning supplies, and potential repairs. A realistic financial plan is key to enjoying your aquatic escape without undue stress.

What's the Price of Constructing a Swimming Pool?

Determining the cost of building a swimming pool is akin to asking the length of an infinitely variable piece of string. The expenses involved can vary significantly, contingent upon the pool's dimensions and the materials selected for its construction. For an average concrete pool measuring 6m by 3m, the expenditure could range from €10,000 to €15,000, contingent on your geographic location within Spain. Should you desire a heated pool or opt for more luxurious stone materials, this cost could potentially double. Alternatively, if these notions surpass your financial plan, there are more economical alternatives such as a prefabricated fibreglass pool or one employing a liner, although these still entail a substantial investment.

In addition, it's imperative to factor in the ongoing maintenance costs when contemplating the feasibility of owning a pool. Procuring chlorine, chemicals for pH level regulation, and cleaning agents are essential expenses. Moreover, allotting funds for pool maintenance and potential repairs is crucial. A prudent estimate for monthly pool maintenance expenses ranges between 50 and 200 euros, depending on whether you opt for a do-it-yourself approach or enlist a professional company. These costs also fluctuate based on your specific location within Spain.


Creating your dream pool in Spain demands meticulous planning, adherence to legal requirements, and expert guidance. As the sun-drenched days beckon, following these steps ensures you'll be relaxing in your personal aquatic haven, basking in the joy of a beautifully crafted swimming pool that perfectly complements your Spanish retreat. So, dive into the process with enthusiasm, and soon you'll be revelling in the refreshing embrace of your very own swimming oasis.